You can see herein the TOKYO 2020 medal table. I have been trying to understand why the countries at the top of the table are doing well?
One thing that correlates strongly among other variables is economic power! Have a look at the World economic ranking and compare the Olympics medal table with the economic ranking.
The top countries in the Olympics include China, US, Japan and they also rank very high in the economic ranking table.
Of course there are other factors such as motivations, State support, availability of training facilities, overall sports ecosystem but whatever you can think of is somehow linked to economic prowess.
Olympics is Science and a demonstration of scientific progress. Olympics is not just sports, no, not all. I have been watching some games and enjoying some fantastic displays but my interests are beyond the displays. My interest include how nations train the human mind and body to perform some tasks within some set rules such that they do it better than anyone else on earth. This is crucial in winning golds.
I am looking out for strategies for competition. Resilience and perseverance under bodily pressures and stresses. Teams performance and collaboration. Biomimetics. Nationalism. Entertainment. Etc.
My thinking is that industrialisation of sports needs Science. Think of building of training equipment, facilities/ infrastructures, training activities, manufacturing of wears and tools. Sports is an industry; an important one that can be useful for engaging the youths.
Another factor that may be important is the population of the country but India appear to be an outlier in Tokyo2020. But, whereas China and US has high population and good economy and performed well in TOKYO 2020, India has high population but did not perform well due its economic position compared to China and US.
I think that industrialisation of sports in high population countries like India and Nigeria could help them win more golds in the next Olympics. The point is seeing how sports can be linked to Science and economics. Of course, the fact that scientific progress correlates with economic power is obvious.
The other aspect of competitive advantage is the strategy for industrialisation of sports. For instance, most of the competitors are youths and higher institutions are the highest cluster of youths in any society. Therefore, the national strategy for industrialisation of sports should be linked to leisure and wellbeing of students. This means that the engineering and manufacturing capacities and capabilities developed by industries can be sustained as students use the sports products; and go on to showcase their country in Olympics. Other local strategies can be deviced to promote sports locally. Such systemic approach would create a sustainable sports ecosystem. Furthermore, can the tools and manufacturing processes and technologies developed in the sports industry be adapted for other industries? Yes, of course!
Olympics may not be that important to many people but I have just highlighted how important it mirrors economic power and scientific progress of nations. Therefore, it may be necessary to detach from the games in the Olympics to see how it reflects how nations have advanced their society by industrialising sports.